Ribonucleases identified from zebrafish possess angiogenic and bactericidal activities. Zebrafish RNases have three intramolecular disulfide bonds, a characteristic structural feature of angiogenin, different from the typical four disulfide bonds of the other members of the RNase A superfamily. They also have a higher degree of sequence homology to angiogenin than to RNase A. It has been proposed that all RNases evolved from these angiogenin-like progenitors. In the present study, we characterize, in detail, the function of zebrafish RNases in various steps in the process of angiogenesis. We report that zebrafish RNase-1, -2 and -3 bind to the cell surface specifically and are able to compete with human angiogenin. Similar to human angiogenin, all three zebrafish RNases are able to induce phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase. They also undergo nuclear translocation, accumulate in the nucleolus and stimulate rRNA transcription. However, zebrafish RNase-3 is defective in cleaving rRNA precursor, even though it has been reported to have an open active site and has higher enzymatic activity toward more classic RNase substrates such as yeast tRNA and synthetic oligonucleotides. Taken together with the findings that zebrafish RNase-3 is less angiogenic than zebrafish RNase-1 and -2 as well as human angiogenin, these results suggest that zebrafish RNase-1 is the ortholog of human angiogenin and that the ribonucleolytic activity of zebrafish RNases toward the rRNA precursor substrate is functionally important for their angiogenic activity.

Characterization of the angiogenic activity of zebrafish ribonucleases.

MONTI, DARIA MARIA;PIZZO, ELIODORO;Di Malta C.;PICCOLI, RENATA;D'ALESSIO, GIUSEPPE;
2009

Abstract

Ribonucleases identified from zebrafish possess angiogenic and bactericidal activities. Zebrafish RNases have three intramolecular disulfide bonds, a characteristic structural feature of angiogenin, different from the typical four disulfide bonds of the other members of the RNase A superfamily. They also have a higher degree of sequence homology to angiogenin than to RNase A. It has been proposed that all RNases evolved from these angiogenin-like progenitors. In the present study, we characterize, in detail, the function of zebrafish RNases in various steps in the process of angiogenesis. We report that zebrafish RNase-1, -2 and -3 bind to the cell surface specifically and are able to compete with human angiogenin. Similar to human angiogenin, all three zebrafish RNases are able to induce phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase. They also undergo nuclear translocation, accumulate in the nucleolus and stimulate rRNA transcription. However, zebrafish RNase-3 is defective in cleaving rRNA precursor, even though it has been reported to have an open active site and has higher enzymatic activity toward more classic RNase substrates such as yeast tRNA and synthetic oligonucleotides. Taken together with the findings that zebrafish RNase-3 is less angiogenic than zebrafish RNase-1 and -2 as well as human angiogenin, these results suggest that zebrafish RNase-1 is the ortholog of human angiogenin and that the ribonucleolytic activity of zebrafish RNases toward the rRNA precursor substrate is functionally important for their angiogenic activity.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Monti FEBS J 2009.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 673.46 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
673.46 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/355987
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact