We present a supervised neural network approach to the determination of photometric redshifts. The method was fine- tuned to match the characteristics of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and as base of `` a priori'' knowledge, it exploits the rich wealth of spectroscopic redshifts provided by this survey. In order to train, validate, and test the networks, we used two galaxy samples drawn from the SDSS spectroscopic data set, namely, the general galaxy sample ( GG) and the luminous red galaxy subsample ( LRG). The method consists of a two- step approach. In the first step, objects are classified as nearby ( z < 0. 25) and distant ( 0.25 < z < 0.50), with an accuracy estimated as 97.52%. In the second step, two different networks are separately trained on objects belonging to the two redshift ranges. Using a standard multilayer perceptron operated in a Bayesian framework, the optimal architectures were found to require one hidden layer of 24 ( 24) and 24 ( 25) neurons for the GG ( LRG) sample. The final results on the GG data set give a robust sigma (z) similar or equal to 0. 0208 over the redshift range [0.01, 0. 48] and sigma(z) similar or equal to 0. 0197 and similar or equal to 0.0238 for the nearby and distant samples, respectively. For the LRG subsample we find instead a robust sigma(z) similar or equal to 0. 0164 over the whole range, and sigma (z) similar or equal to 0. 0160 and similar or equal to 0.0183 for the nearby and distant samples, respectively. After training, the networks have been applied to all objects in the SDSS table GALAXYmatching the same selection criteria adopted to build the base of knowledge, and photometric redshifts for circa 30 million galaxies having z < 0.5 were derived. Acatalog containing redshifts for the LRG subsample was also produced.

Mining the SDSS archive.I. Photometric redshifts in the nearby universe

D'ABRUSCO, RAFFAELE;LONGO, GIUSEPPE;M. BRESCIA;PAOLILLO, MAURIZIO;
2007

Abstract

We present a supervised neural network approach to the determination of photometric redshifts. The method was fine- tuned to match the characteristics of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and as base of `` a priori'' knowledge, it exploits the rich wealth of spectroscopic redshifts provided by this survey. In order to train, validate, and test the networks, we used two galaxy samples drawn from the SDSS spectroscopic data set, namely, the general galaxy sample ( GG) and the luminous red galaxy subsample ( LRG). The method consists of a two- step approach. In the first step, objects are classified as nearby ( z < 0. 25) and distant ( 0.25 < z < 0.50), with an accuracy estimated as 97.52%. In the second step, two different networks are separately trained on objects belonging to the two redshift ranges. Using a standard multilayer perceptron operated in a Bayesian framework, the optimal architectures were found to require one hidden layer of 24 ( 24) and 24 ( 25) neurons for the GG ( LRG) sample. The final results on the GG data set give a robust sigma (z) similar or equal to 0. 0208 over the redshift range [0.01, 0. 48] and sigma(z) similar or equal to 0. 0197 and similar or equal to 0.0238 for the nearby and distant samples, respectively. For the LRG subsample we find instead a robust sigma(z) similar or equal to 0. 0164 over the whole range, and sigma (z) similar or equal to 0. 0160 and similar or equal to 0.0183 for the nearby and distant samples, respectively. After training, the networks have been applied to all objects in the SDSS table GALAXYmatching the same selection criteria adopted to build the base of knowledge, and photometric redshifts for circa 30 million galaxies having z < 0.5 were derived. Acatalog containing redshifts for the LRG subsample was also produced.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
abstract2.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Abstract
Licenza: Dominio pubblico
Dimensione 115.37 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
115.37 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/343858
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 35
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 33
social impact