We investigated whether swim training modifies the effect of T3-induced hyperthyroidism on metabolism and oxidative damage in rat muscle. Respiratory capacities, oxidative damage, levels of antioxidants, and susceptibility to oxidative challenge of homogenates were determined. Mitochondrial respiratory capacities, H2O2 release rates, and oxidative damage were also evaluated. T3-treated rats exhibited increases in muscle respiratory capacity, which were associated with enhancements in mitochondrial respiratory capacity and tissue mitochondrial protein content in sedentary and trained animals, respectively. Hormonal treatment induced muscle oxidative damage and GSH depletion. Both effects were reduced by training, which also attenuated tissue susceptibility to oxidative challenge. The changes in single antioxidant levels were slightly related to oxidative damage extent, but the examination of parameters affecting the susceptibility to oxidants indicated that training was associated with greater effectiveness of the muscle antioxidant system. Training also attenuated T3-induced increases in H2O2 production and, therefore, oxidative damage of mitochondria by lowering their content of autoxidizable electron carriers. The above results suggest that moderate training is able to reduce hyperthyroid state-linked tissue oxidative damage, increasing antioxidant protection and decreasing the ROS flow from the mitochondria to the cytoplasmic compartment.

Effect of T3 on metabolic response and oxidative stress in skeletal muscle from sedentary and trained rats

VENDITTI, PAOLA
;
BARI, ANGELA;DI MEO, SERGIO
2009

Abstract

We investigated whether swim training modifies the effect of T3-induced hyperthyroidism on metabolism and oxidative damage in rat muscle. Respiratory capacities, oxidative damage, levels of antioxidants, and susceptibility to oxidative challenge of homogenates were determined. Mitochondrial respiratory capacities, H2O2 release rates, and oxidative damage were also evaluated. T3-treated rats exhibited increases in muscle respiratory capacity, which were associated with enhancements in mitochondrial respiratory capacity and tissue mitochondrial protein content in sedentary and trained animals, respectively. Hormonal treatment induced muscle oxidative damage and GSH depletion. Both effects were reduced by training, which also attenuated tissue susceptibility to oxidative challenge. The changes in single antioxidant levels were slightly related to oxidative damage extent, but the examination of parameters affecting the susceptibility to oxidants indicated that training was associated with greater effectiveness of the muscle antioxidant system. Training also attenuated T3-induced increases in H2O2 production and, therefore, oxidative damage of mitochondria by lowering their content of autoxidizable electron carriers. The above results suggest that moderate training is able to reduce hyperthyroid state-linked tissue oxidative damage, increasing antioxidant protection and decreasing the ROS flow from the mitochondria to the cytoplasmic compartment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/342899
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