Experimental and clinical studies indicate that growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are involved in heart development. Impaired cardiovascular function, as recently demonstrated, could potentially reduce life expectancy both in GH deficiency (GHD) and excess. Patients with childhood- or adult-onset GHD may have both cardiac structural and functional abnormalities, i.e. reduced cardiac mass, reduced diastolic filling, and impaired left ventricular response to peak exercise. In addition, GHD patients may present with an increase in vascular intima-media thickness and a higher occurrence of atheromatous plaques that can further aggravate the hemodynamic conditions and contribute to the increased cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk. However, some evidence has been provided to show that cardiovascular abnormalities can be partially reversed after somatropin (recombinant GH) therapy in patients with GHD. Recently, somatropin administration was shown to induce improvement in hemodynamics and clinical status in some patients with heart failure. Although these data need to be confirmed in more extensive studies, such promising results open new perspectives for somatropin therapy. The role of GH secretagogues in heart failure is still unknown.

Influence of growth hormone on cardiovascular health and disease

COLAO, ANNAMARIA;DI SOMMA, CAROLINA;VITALE, GIOVANNI FRANCESCO;LOMBARDI, GAETANO
2003

Abstract

Experimental and clinical studies indicate that growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are involved in heart development. Impaired cardiovascular function, as recently demonstrated, could potentially reduce life expectancy both in GH deficiency (GHD) and excess. Patients with childhood- or adult-onset GHD may have both cardiac structural and functional abnormalities, i.e. reduced cardiac mass, reduced diastolic filling, and impaired left ventricular response to peak exercise. In addition, GHD patients may present with an increase in vascular intima-media thickness and a higher occurrence of atheromatous plaques that can further aggravate the hemodynamic conditions and contribute to the increased cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk. However, some evidence has been provided to show that cardiovascular abnormalities can be partially reversed after somatropin (recombinant GH) therapy in patients with GHD. Recently, somatropin administration was shown to induce improvement in hemodynamics and clinical status in some patients with heart failure. Although these data need to be confirmed in more extensive studies, such promising results open new perspectives for somatropin therapy. The role of GH secretagogues in heart failure is still unknown.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/340810
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact