A set of 12 drugs, consisting of structurally unrelated neutral, basic, acidic and amphoteric compounds, was examined by high performance liquid chromatrography (HPLC) on a model of fluid membrane bilayers, the immobilized artificial membrane (IAM) column. The logarithms of chromatographic capacity factors extrapolated to 100\% aqueous phase at pH 5.5 (log kw) were measured and compared to the n-octanol/water partition coefficients (log P). The scale derived from the IAM system was different from the lipophilicity scale expressed by the log P, due to the peculiar capability of phospholipids to well accommodate the ionized form of some molecules and show additive or repulsive extra-interactions when particular structural motifs on the molecule are present. The relationship between log P and log kw previously obtained for compounds interacting on IAM phase by a uniquely lipophilicity-based mechanism, allowed us to calculate, from log P, the values of log kw expected for the drugs considered. These values were subtracted from the log kw experimentally determined and the differences were assumed to quantify the amount of extra-interactions (hydrogen bond and electrostatic interactions) with phospholipids (delta log kw). The coefficients of permeability through the human skin (Kp) for the compounds considered did not correlate with either log kw or log P values. However, the Kp values correlated well with the delta log kw values indicating that the higher the ability of a molecule to cross the skin barrier, the lower its component of interaction with phospholipids not accounted for by lipophilicity-based interactions.

Chromatographic indexes on immobilized artificial membranes for the prediction of transdermal transport of drugs.

BARBATO, FRANCESCO;CAPPELLO, BRUNELLA;MIRO, AGNESE;LA ROTONDA, MARIA IMMACOLATA;QUAGLIA, FABIANA
1998

Abstract

A set of 12 drugs, consisting of structurally unrelated neutral, basic, acidic and amphoteric compounds, was examined by high performance liquid chromatrography (HPLC) on a model of fluid membrane bilayers, the immobilized artificial membrane (IAM) column. The logarithms of chromatographic capacity factors extrapolated to 100\% aqueous phase at pH 5.5 (log kw) were measured and compared to the n-octanol/water partition coefficients (log P). The scale derived from the IAM system was different from the lipophilicity scale expressed by the log P, due to the peculiar capability of phospholipids to well accommodate the ionized form of some molecules and show additive or repulsive extra-interactions when particular structural motifs on the molecule are present. The relationship between log P and log kw previously obtained for compounds interacting on IAM phase by a uniquely lipophilicity-based mechanism, allowed us to calculate, from log P, the values of log kw expected for the drugs considered. These values were subtracted from the log kw experimentally determined and the differences were assumed to quantify the amount of extra-interactions (hydrogen bond and electrostatic interactions) with phospholipids (delta log kw). The coefficients of permeability through the human skin (Kp) for the compounds considered did not correlate with either log kw or log P values. However, the Kp values correlated well with the delta log kw values indicating that the higher the ability of a molecule to cross the skin barrier, the lower its component of interaction with phospholipids not accounted for by lipophilicity-based interactions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/336315
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