PURPOSE: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is a prime target for innovative therapy because it represents one of the most lethal human neoplasms and is refractory to conventional treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. We have evaluated a novel therapeutic approach based on the oncolytic replication-selective adenovirus dl922-947. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The antitumor efficacies of the E1ADeltaCR2 (dl922-947) and DeltaE1B55K (dl1520) mutants were compared in human thyroid anaplastic carcinoma cells in culture and in xenografts in vivo. To enhance the effects of dl922-947, anaplastic thyroid carcinoma tumor xenografts were treated with dl922-947 in combination with bevacizumab. RESULTS: We showed that the efficacy of dl922-947 exceeded that of dl1520 in all tested anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, bevacizumab in combination with dl922-947 significantly reduced tumor growth compared with single treatments alone. Bevacizumab treatment significantly improved viral distribution in neoplastic tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed that dl922-947 had a higher oncolytic activity compared with dl1520 in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cell lines and might represent a better option for virotherapy of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. Moreover, bevacizumab increased the oncolytic effects of dl922-947 by enhancing viral distribution in tumors. The results described herein encourage the use of the dl922-947 virus in combination with bevacizumab.

Bevacizumab increases viral distribution in human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma xenografts and enhances the effects of E1A-defective adenovirus dl922-947

Perruolo G;PORTELLA, GIUSEPPE
2008

Abstract

PURPOSE: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is a prime target for innovative therapy because it represents one of the most lethal human neoplasms and is refractory to conventional treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. We have evaluated a novel therapeutic approach based on the oncolytic replication-selective adenovirus dl922-947. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The antitumor efficacies of the E1ADeltaCR2 (dl922-947) and DeltaE1B55K (dl1520) mutants were compared in human thyroid anaplastic carcinoma cells in culture and in xenografts in vivo. To enhance the effects of dl922-947, anaplastic thyroid carcinoma tumor xenografts were treated with dl922-947 in combination with bevacizumab. RESULTS: We showed that the efficacy of dl922-947 exceeded that of dl1520 in all tested anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, bevacizumab in combination with dl922-947 significantly reduced tumor growth compared with single treatments alone. Bevacizumab treatment significantly improved viral distribution in neoplastic tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed that dl922-947 had a higher oncolytic activity compared with dl1520 in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cell lines and might represent a better option for virotherapy of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. Moreover, bevacizumab increased the oncolytic effects of dl922-947 by enhancing viral distribution in tumors. The results described herein encourage the use of the dl922-947 virus in combination with bevacizumab.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Bevacizumab Increases Viral Distribution.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 392.53 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
392.53 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/335416
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 26
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact