BACKGROUND: The ability of the fungi Pleurotus ostreatus and Phanerochaete chrysosporium to decolourize and detoxify 11 (mono-, dis-, poly- azo, and anthraquinonic type) dyes, widely used across the textile and leather industries, was tested. RESULTS: Different substrate specificities were revealed between P. ostreatus and P. chrysosporium in decolourization experiments. The latter fungus provided almost complete decolourization of the tested azo dyes up to 600 ppm and disazo dyes up to 1000 ppm, and 80% decolourization of the tris-azo dye DBU1L38 at 1000 ppm, after 6 days. P. ostreatus provided almost total decolourization of the anthraquinone type dye ABU62 (1000 ppm) after just 1 day. P. ostreatus also showed the ability to decolourize the tested dis-azo and tris-azo dyes, giving the best performances against the dis-azo DBU1U1 (600 ppm) dye, which was 100% decolourized after 6 days. Laccases proved to be the main enzymatic activities acting in P. ostreatus decolourization. CONCLUSION: The potential of the fungi P. ostreatus and P. chrysosporium as efficient bio-systems for decolourization and detoxification of several toxic industrial dyes was demonstrated. The role of laccases in the decolourization of dis-azo dyes by P. ostreatus was demonstrated for the first time.

Decolourization of textile dyes by the white-rot fungi Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Pleurotus ostreatus

FARACO, VINCENZA;Pezzella C.;GIARDINA, PAOLA;PISCITELLI, ALESSANDRA;SANNIA, GIOVANNI
2009

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The ability of the fungi Pleurotus ostreatus and Phanerochaete chrysosporium to decolourize and detoxify 11 (mono-, dis-, poly- azo, and anthraquinonic type) dyes, widely used across the textile and leather industries, was tested. RESULTS: Different substrate specificities were revealed between P. ostreatus and P. chrysosporium in decolourization experiments. The latter fungus provided almost complete decolourization of the tested azo dyes up to 600 ppm and disazo dyes up to 1000 ppm, and 80% decolourization of the tris-azo dye DBU1L38 at 1000 ppm, after 6 days. P. ostreatus provided almost total decolourization of the anthraquinone type dye ABU62 (1000 ppm) after just 1 day. P. ostreatus also showed the ability to decolourize the tested dis-azo and tris-azo dyes, giving the best performances against the dis-azo DBU1U1 (600 ppm) dye, which was 100% decolourized after 6 days. Laccases proved to be the main enzymatic activities acting in P. ostreatus decolourization. CONCLUSION: The potential of the fungi P. ostreatus and P. chrysosporium as efficient bio-systems for decolourization and detoxification of several toxic industrial dyes was demonstrated. The role of laccases in the decolourization of dis-azo dyes by P. ostreatus was demonstrated for the first time.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/332994
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