Abstract Exposure to environmental contaminants, like 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), leads to an increased susceptibility to infectious agents. Infection of bovine cells (MDBK) with Bovine Herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) anticipates virus-induced apoptosis, suggesting an involvement of TCDD in virus infection. Herein we analyzed the effects of TCDD on apoptotic pathway in MDBK cells infected with BHV-1. After 12 h of infection, TCDD induced a significant increase in apoptotic cells. TCDD caused a dose-dependent up-regulation and anticipated activation of caspases 3, 8 and 9, with respect to unexposed groups. TCDD anticipated cleavage of PARP, compared to controls. Furthermore TCDD increased Bax and Bid levels, and decreased Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL levels. Such events took place earlier in exposed than unexposed cells. These results showed that TCDD influences BHV-1 induced apoptosis through members of Bcl-2 family and up-regulating activation of caspases.

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo- p -dioxin regulates Bovine Herpesvirus type 1 induced apoptosis by modulating Bcl-2 family members

Fiorito F.;DE MARTINO, LUISA;MONTAGNARO, SERENA;FLORIO, SALVATORE;PAGNINI, UGO
2008

Abstract

Abstract Exposure to environmental contaminants, like 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), leads to an increased susceptibility to infectious agents. Infection of bovine cells (MDBK) with Bovine Herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) anticipates virus-induced apoptosis, suggesting an involvement of TCDD in virus infection. Herein we analyzed the effects of TCDD on apoptotic pathway in MDBK cells infected with BHV-1. After 12 h of infection, TCDD induced a significant increase in apoptotic cells. TCDD caused a dose-dependent up-regulation and anticipated activation of caspases 3, 8 and 9, with respect to unexposed groups. TCDD anticipated cleavage of PARP, compared to controls. Furthermore TCDD increased Bax and Bid levels, and decreased Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL levels. Such events took place earlier in exposed than unexposed cells. These results showed that TCDD influences BHV-1 induced apoptosis through members of Bcl-2 family and up-regulating activation of caspases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/332041
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