The distribution of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate reduced diaphorase (NADPH-d) containing neurons was examined in the oviduct of the lizard Podarcis s. sicula and the relationship between these neurons and 17beta-estradiol hormone was studied. NADPH-d-histochemistry and indirect immunofluorescence method were applied to cryostat sections. NADPH-d-nerve structures were found throughout the oviduct. Positive neurons were primarily located in the reproductive oviduct, and were more numerous in the intermuscular and circular muscle layers than in the mucosa. The vagina revealed a reactive nerve population denser than elsewhere. The NADPH-d-positive neurons densities and the 17beta-estradiol plasma levels coincided throughout the lizard sexual cycle. In addition, after 17beta-estradiol treatments, non-reproductive lizards showed an increase of NADPH-d neurons. We suppose that nitric oxide (NO) neurons play an estrogen-dependent role in the oviduct muscle motility.
NADPH-d positive neurons of the lizard Podarcis s. sicula oviduct and their relationship to 17beta-estradiol hormone / Lamanna, C; Vittoria, Alfredo; Assisi, Loredana; Lucini, Carla; Castaldo, Luciana; Botte, V.. - In: LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 0024-3205. - STAMPA. - 69:15(2001), pp. 1765-1773.