The effect of organic adsorbates on the silicon (001) surface is investigated using first-principles calculations. Ethylene and a class of cyclopentene derivatives, containing different functional groups, are considered, all anchoring to the surface through the same [2+2] cycloaddition mechanism. Because they all show similar bonding properties, any variation in the surface properties must be related to the functional group. The structural relaxation induced by the adsorption is discussed, elucidating the effect of both the adsorbate species and coverage. It turns out that different distortions occur in the molecular geometry, depending on both the species and the surface coverage, while molecule-to-surface bonding does show very similar features for all the considered molecules. We show that the presence of the adsorbate can modify the surface charge density, thus giving rise to an induced dipolar layer that modifies the electrostatic potential outside the surface. Such a dipole layer can, in turn, be related to surface electron affinity and work function changes. A careful analysis of the dipole moment and of the electrostatic potential changes is carried out discussing the correlations with the properties of the isolated molecules. All the results indicate how the surface properties can be tuned through a suitable choice of the adsorbate.

Ab initio study of electron affinity variation induced by organic molecule adsorption on the silicon (001) surface

BORRIELLO, IVO;CANTELE, GIOVANNI;NINNO, DOMENICO;IADONISI, GIUSEPPE;COSSI, MAURIZIO;BARONE, VINCENZO
2007

Abstract

The effect of organic adsorbates on the silicon (001) surface is investigated using first-principles calculations. Ethylene and a class of cyclopentene derivatives, containing different functional groups, are considered, all anchoring to the surface through the same [2+2] cycloaddition mechanism. Because they all show similar bonding properties, any variation in the surface properties must be related to the functional group. The structural relaxation induced by the adsorption is discussed, elucidating the effect of both the adsorbate species and coverage. It turns out that different distortions occur in the molecular geometry, depending on both the species and the surface coverage, while molecule-to-surface bonding does show very similar features for all the considered molecules. We show that the presence of the adsorbate can modify the surface charge density, thus giving rise to an induced dipolar layer that modifies the electrostatic potential outside the surface. Such a dipole layer can, in turn, be related to surface electron affinity and work function changes. A careful analysis of the dipole moment and of the electrostatic potential changes is carried out discussing the correlations with the properties of the isolated molecules. All the results indicate how the surface properties can be tuned through a suitable choice of the adsorbate.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/311792
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 26
social impact