The Italian Space Agency (ASI), together with Ministry of Defence (I-AD), is involved in the realization of the COSMO-Skymed program that foresees the deployment of a constellation of 4 SAR satellites in Low Earth Orbit, dedicated to the management, control and exploitation of Earth resources for civilian and defence applications. ASI is responsible for the definition, implementation and management of the Program, while Alcatel Alenia Space Italia is the Prime Contractor responsible for the design, development and verification of the entire system. The nominal phasing of the satellites on the orbit plane has been selected in order to achieve the optimisation of the performance in terms of accessibility and revisit time w.r.t. the number of satellites. Moreover COSMO-SkyMed system is able to perform interferometric acquisitions, which yield three dimensional images and/or provide various information on land conformation change, subsidence, land-slides and so on. Then, periodically, one of the four satellites will be moved to a fixed distance with respect to another for reaching the interferometric configuration. In order to increase the operating capacity of the COSMO-Skymed system, ASI intends to start the definition of a complementary civilian program with the purpose of covering bi-static and across-track/along-across interferometry applications. Such a mission will be referred as “SABRINA”, acronym of “System for Advanced Bistatic and Radar INterferometry Applications”, based on the use of a “passive” satellite (“BISSAT”, acronym for “Bistatic and Interferometric SAR SATellite”). This satellite will fly in formation with COSMO-Skymed and then a suitable strategy shall be determined for reaching and maintaining the interferometric configuration. The paper will describe the manoeuvre strategies necessary for reaching the interferometric configuration, both for COSMO-Skymed and for BISSAT. Such strategies have been defined taking into account all the constraints coming from the satellite (Δv size, minimum interval time between two consecutive manoeuvres, propulsion S/S performance, AOC requirements). After the description of the manoeuvres requested for achieving the interferometric configurations foreseen for COSMO-Skymed (tandem and “tandem-like”), the paper will focus on the configuration requested for the BISSAT satellite for flying in formation with a single COSMO-SkyMed satellite. Two formation configurations will be selected: pendulum or cartwheel. The mission will carry out interferometric acquisitions in the following configurations: 1. Across track interferometry 2. Along track interferometry The mission will carry out bistatic acquisition multi-angle and multi-polarization with a baseline variable in the range 100-500 km.

Interferometric Missions: Applications within ASI Space Programs

MOCCIA, ANTONIO
2006

Abstract

The Italian Space Agency (ASI), together with Ministry of Defence (I-AD), is involved in the realization of the COSMO-Skymed program that foresees the deployment of a constellation of 4 SAR satellites in Low Earth Orbit, dedicated to the management, control and exploitation of Earth resources for civilian and defence applications. ASI is responsible for the definition, implementation and management of the Program, while Alcatel Alenia Space Italia is the Prime Contractor responsible for the design, development and verification of the entire system. The nominal phasing of the satellites on the orbit plane has been selected in order to achieve the optimisation of the performance in terms of accessibility and revisit time w.r.t. the number of satellites. Moreover COSMO-SkyMed system is able to perform interferometric acquisitions, which yield three dimensional images and/or provide various information on land conformation change, subsidence, land-slides and so on. Then, periodically, one of the four satellites will be moved to a fixed distance with respect to another for reaching the interferometric configuration. In order to increase the operating capacity of the COSMO-Skymed system, ASI intends to start the definition of a complementary civilian program with the purpose of covering bi-static and across-track/along-across interferometry applications. Such a mission will be referred as “SABRINA”, acronym of “System for Advanced Bistatic and Radar INterferometry Applications”, based on the use of a “passive” satellite (“BISSAT”, acronym for “Bistatic and Interferometric SAR SATellite”). This satellite will fly in formation with COSMO-Skymed and then a suitable strategy shall be determined for reaching and maintaining the interferometric configuration. The paper will describe the manoeuvre strategies necessary for reaching the interferometric configuration, both for COSMO-Skymed and for BISSAT. Such strategies have been defined taking into account all the constraints coming from the satellite (Δv size, minimum interval time between two consecutive manoeuvres, propulsion S/S performance, AOC requirements). After the description of the manoeuvres requested for achieving the interferometric configurations foreseen for COSMO-Skymed (tandem and “tandem-like”), the paper will focus on the configuration requested for the BISSAT satellite for flying in formation with a single COSMO-SkyMed satellite. Two formation configurations will be selected: pendulum or cartwheel. The mission will carry out interferometric acquisitions in the following configurations: 1. Across track interferometry 2. Along track interferometry The mission will carry out bistatic acquisition multi-angle and multi-polarization with a baseline variable in the range 100-500 km.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/305862
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