Objective: The aim of this work was to assess whether psoriasis is associated with phenotype prevalence and altered activity of Haptoglobin (Hpt). Background: Hpt is a plasma acute phase glycoprotein, displaying in humans three phenotypes. Phenotype prevalence or structure modification of Hpt was associated with several diseases. The Hpt main function is to bind and carry to the liver free hemoglobin for degradation and iron recycling. Hpt was recently found able to bind the apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I), thus impairing its stimulation on the activity of the enzyme lecithin-cholesterol acyl-transferase (LCAT) Study design: Hpt was isolated from patients with psoriasis vulgaris, and its activity in hemoglobin or ApoA-I binding and LCAT inhibition was compared with that of normal protein. Methods: Two affinity chromatography steps, the first using resin-coupled hemoglobin and the second anti-Hpt antibodies, were used to purify Hpt. The protein phenotype was assessed by electrophoresis. Binding experiments were performed by ELISA with stationary hemoglobin or ApoA-I, Hpt in solution, and anti-Hpt antibodies for detection of bound Hpt. Standard LCAT assays were carried out in the presence of Hpt purified from patients or healthy subjects. Results: Phenotype prevalence of Hpt in psoriasis was not found. After affinity chromatography by hemoglobin, albumin and ApoA-I were routinely found heavily contaminating only Hpt from normal subjects. Isolated Hpt from patients had lower activity than normal protein in both hemoglobin binding and LCAT inhibition. Conclusions: In psoriasis, Hpt displays some structure modification(s) which might be associated with the protein function in the disease.

Haptoglobin from Psoriatic Patients Exhibits Decreased Activity in Binding Hemoglobin and Inhibiting LCAT Activity.

CIGLIANO, LUISA;NINO, MASSIMILIANO;MONFRECOLA, GIUSEPPE;AYALA, FABIO;PEDONE, CARLO;ABRESCIA, PAOLO
2008

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this work was to assess whether psoriasis is associated with phenotype prevalence and altered activity of Haptoglobin (Hpt). Background: Hpt is a plasma acute phase glycoprotein, displaying in humans three phenotypes. Phenotype prevalence or structure modification of Hpt was associated with several diseases. The Hpt main function is to bind and carry to the liver free hemoglobin for degradation and iron recycling. Hpt was recently found able to bind the apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I), thus impairing its stimulation on the activity of the enzyme lecithin-cholesterol acyl-transferase (LCAT) Study design: Hpt was isolated from patients with psoriasis vulgaris, and its activity in hemoglobin or ApoA-I binding and LCAT inhibition was compared with that of normal protein. Methods: Two affinity chromatography steps, the first using resin-coupled hemoglobin and the second anti-Hpt antibodies, were used to purify Hpt. The protein phenotype was assessed by electrophoresis. Binding experiments were performed by ELISA with stationary hemoglobin or ApoA-I, Hpt in solution, and anti-Hpt antibodies for detection of bound Hpt. Standard LCAT assays were carried out in the presence of Hpt purified from patients or healthy subjects. Results: Phenotype prevalence of Hpt in psoriasis was not found. After affinity chromatography by hemoglobin, albumin and ApoA-I were routinely found heavily contaminating only Hpt from normal subjects. Isolated Hpt from patients had lower activity than normal protein in both hemoglobin binding and LCAT inhibition. Conclusions: In psoriasis, Hpt displays some structure modification(s) which might be associated with the protein function in the disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/204070
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