The immunohistochemical avidin-biotin complex method was used to study hormone-producing cells in the adenohypophysis of the skink Chalcides chalcides during embryonic development. In Chalcides, the formation of Rathke's pouch was evident between stages 28 and 30 of embryonic development. The adenohypophysial cells begin to differentiate before the morphological development of the gland was complete. At stage 29, few corticotropic cells were present only in the dorsal face of Rathke's pouch. No other immunoreactive cell type was revealed at this stage. At stage 32, the hypophysis had developed to a great extent though it was not yet elongated in a cephalic-caudal direction. At this stage, the corticotropic cells appeared more numerous and well differentiated in the rostral pars distalis and in the pars intermedia. Melanotropic, somatotropic and gonadotropic cells appeared simultaneously, with the same distributions as in the adult skink. At stage 34, the first thyrotropic cells appeared in the pars distalis but also in the pars intermedia, whereas rare prolactin cells were observed only at stage 35 in the medial pars distalis. Between stages 36 and 38, the gland was developed in the cephalic-caudal direction and all the cell types were completely differentiated with an evident increase in the number of prolactin cells. In embryos close to birth (stages 39-40), the hypophysis and the adenohypophysial cells were already similar to those of the adult animal.

IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL STUDY OF ADENOHYPOPHYSIAL CELLS DURING EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPTILE CHALCIDES CHALCIDES (SQUAMATA, SCINCIDAE)

Ferrandino Ida
;
Grimaldi Maria Consiglio
2004

Abstract

The immunohistochemical avidin-biotin complex method was used to study hormone-producing cells in the adenohypophysis of the skink Chalcides chalcides during embryonic development. In Chalcides, the formation of Rathke's pouch was evident between stages 28 and 30 of embryonic development. The adenohypophysial cells begin to differentiate before the morphological development of the gland was complete. At stage 29, few corticotropic cells were present only in the dorsal face of Rathke's pouch. No other immunoreactive cell type was revealed at this stage. At stage 32, the hypophysis had developed to a great extent though it was not yet elongated in a cephalic-caudal direction. At this stage, the corticotropic cells appeared more numerous and well differentiated in the rostral pars distalis and in the pars intermedia. Melanotropic, somatotropic and gonadotropic cells appeared simultaneously, with the same distributions as in the adult skink. At stage 34, the first thyrotropic cells appeared in the pars distalis but also in the pars intermedia, whereas rare prolactin cells were observed only at stage 35 in the medial pars distalis. Between stages 36 and 38, the gland was developed in the cephalic-caudal direction and all the cell types were completely differentiated with an evident increase in the number of prolactin cells. In embryos close to birth (stages 39-40), the hypophysis and the adenohypophysial cells were already similar to those of the adult animal.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/203718
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