The effect of the addition of two combined fillers, smectite clay and diamond and smectite clay and carbon nanoparticles, on structure, morphology, isothermal and non isothermal crystallization behaviour, tensile and thermal properties of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) has been investigated by using several techniques: wide angle X-ray diffraction, optical and scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetry, differential scanning calorimetry and tensile techniques. It was found that nanoparticles of diamond and carbon favour the nucleation of the β-form of iPP crystal, whereas the clay nanolayers do not have any influence on the crystal structure of iPP. The thermal stability of iPP/(clay+diamond) and iPP/(clay+carbon) is improved with respect to neat iPP, whereas no influence is detected when only clay is added to iPP. At the given crystallization conditions, the overall crystallization peak of iPP/(clay+diamond) almost exactly overlaps the crystallization peak of neat iPP, whereas in the case of iPP/clay and iPP/(clay+carbon) the maximum of the crystallization peaks is shifted to higher temperature. The spherulite growth rate, G values do not differ from one another. The iPP/(clay+carbon) system shows ductile behavior. The other systems show brittle behavior with failure before necking. These results were related with the very high percentage of beta phase present in the samples of iPP/(clay+carbon).

Effect of clay/diamond and clay/carbon nanosystems on structure-properties relationship of iPP

CARFAGNA, COSIMO;
2005

Abstract

The effect of the addition of two combined fillers, smectite clay and diamond and smectite clay and carbon nanoparticles, on structure, morphology, isothermal and non isothermal crystallization behaviour, tensile and thermal properties of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) has been investigated by using several techniques: wide angle X-ray diffraction, optical and scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetry, differential scanning calorimetry and tensile techniques. It was found that nanoparticles of diamond and carbon favour the nucleation of the β-form of iPP crystal, whereas the clay nanolayers do not have any influence on the crystal structure of iPP. The thermal stability of iPP/(clay+diamond) and iPP/(clay+carbon) is improved with respect to neat iPP, whereas no influence is detected when only clay is added to iPP. At the given crystallization conditions, the overall crystallization peak of iPP/(clay+diamond) almost exactly overlaps the crystallization peak of neat iPP, whereas in the case of iPP/clay and iPP/(clay+carbon) the maximum of the crystallization peaks is shifted to higher temperature. The spherulite growth rate, G values do not differ from one another. The iPP/(clay+carbon) system shows ductile behavior. The other systems show brittle behavior with failure before necking. These results were related with the very high percentage of beta phase present in the samples of iPP/(clay+carbon).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/203622
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