The presence and distribution patterns of ghrelin, a gastric acylated peptide, were studied in the entire gastrointestinal tract of the chicken (Gallus domesticus) using the peroxidase–antiperoxidase immunohistochemical method, western blot analysis and a specific antibody against the C-terminal region of rat ghrelin. Ghrelin- immunopositive cells were observed in the mucosal layer of all segments examined. The largest numbers of ghrelin-positive cells were located at the base of lobuli of the proventriculus gland, along villi of the intestines and in crypts of the duodenum. Lower numbers of ghrelin-immunostained cells were located in crypts of jejunum and ileum and only few ghrelin-immunostained cells were detected at the base of crypts of the large intestine. Closed and open types of cells were observed in all segments. Western blot analysis confirmed the presence of ghrelin-like protein in the entire chicken gastrointestinal tract. The anatomical distribution patterns and the morphological characteristics of chicken ghrelin-positive cells suggest that they are endocrine cells. Furthermore, it is concluded that ghrelin shows a high degree of preservation during evolution from non-mammalian vertebrates to mammals.

Presence and distribution of ghrelin-immunopositive cells in the chicken gastrointestinal tract

NEGLIA, SIMONA;ARCAMONE, NADIA;ESPOSITO, VINCENZO;GARGIULO, GIULIANA;DE GIROLAMO, PAOLO
2005

Abstract

The presence and distribution patterns of ghrelin, a gastric acylated peptide, were studied in the entire gastrointestinal tract of the chicken (Gallus domesticus) using the peroxidase–antiperoxidase immunohistochemical method, western blot analysis and a specific antibody against the C-terminal region of rat ghrelin. Ghrelin- immunopositive cells were observed in the mucosal layer of all segments examined. The largest numbers of ghrelin-positive cells were located at the base of lobuli of the proventriculus gland, along villi of the intestines and in crypts of the duodenum. Lower numbers of ghrelin-immunostained cells were located in crypts of jejunum and ileum and only few ghrelin-immunostained cells were detected at the base of crypts of the large intestine. Closed and open types of cells were observed in all segments. Western blot analysis confirmed the presence of ghrelin-like protein in the entire chicken gastrointestinal tract. The anatomical distribution patterns and the morphological characteristics of chicken ghrelin-positive cells suggest that they are endocrine cells. Furthermore, it is concluded that ghrelin shows a high degree of preservation during evolution from non-mammalian vertebrates to mammals.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/202463
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