Leishmania-infected dogs, which represent an important reservoir of infection in many parts of the world, frequently suffer from haematological disorders, including thrombocytopenia. In this study, the ability of platelets from healthy (control) dogs ðn ¼ 11Þ and from dogs with naturally acquired clinical leishmaniasis ðn ¼ 24Þ to aggregate in the presence of two different agonists (adenosine 50-diphosphate [ADP] and collagen) was assayed. Haematological parameters examined consisted of the platelet count, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen concentration and D-dimer concentration. In dogs with leishmaniasis, a significant decrease in ADP- and collagen-induced platelet aggregation was observed. Compared with platelets from the control dogs, those from leishmania-infected dogs showed a higher sensitivity to collagen, as demonstrated by a reduction in platelet aggregation of up to 20.4%, and a significant ðP , 0:0001Þ difference for all the doses tested. With ADP the reduction was up to 10.4%, the difference reaching a significant level of P , 0:0001 only at the maximum dose used. The nature of this response, which was not accompanied by any clinical signs of bleeding other than an increase in aPTT, emphasizes the role of platelets in the parasite–host cell interaction.

Evaluation of adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP)- and collagen-induced platelet aggregation in canine leishmaniasis.

PELAGALLI, ALESSANDRA;CIARAMELLA, PAOLO;LOMBARDI, PIETRO;PERO, MARIA ELENA;CORTESE, LAURA;OLIVA, GAETANO;AVALLONE, LUIGI
2004

Abstract

Leishmania-infected dogs, which represent an important reservoir of infection in many parts of the world, frequently suffer from haematological disorders, including thrombocytopenia. In this study, the ability of platelets from healthy (control) dogs ðn ¼ 11Þ and from dogs with naturally acquired clinical leishmaniasis ðn ¼ 24Þ to aggregate in the presence of two different agonists (adenosine 50-diphosphate [ADP] and collagen) was assayed. Haematological parameters examined consisted of the platelet count, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen concentration and D-dimer concentration. In dogs with leishmaniasis, a significant decrease in ADP- and collagen-induced platelet aggregation was observed. Compared with platelets from the control dogs, those from leishmania-infected dogs showed a higher sensitivity to collagen, as demonstrated by a reduction in platelet aggregation of up to 20.4%, and a significant ðP , 0:0001Þ difference for all the doses tested. With ADP the reduction was up to 10.4%, the difference reaching a significant level of P , 0:0001 only at the maximum dose used. The nature of this response, which was not accompanied by any clinical signs of bleeding other than an increase in aPTT, emphasizes the role of platelets in the parasite–host cell interaction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/202286
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