This paper deals with the off-line optimization of poloidal field coil currents and voltages to obtain desired plasma scenarios including ramp up, flat top, and ramp down phases. The open loop control problem is solved via a quadratic optimization technique which requires the solution of a certain number of nonlinear plasma equilibrium problems. An alternative approach is based on the use of linearized models. This approach may fail during shape transitions where the effect of control on shape presents significant variations (e.g. limiter-diverted transition or plasma wobbling across a double null equilibrium configuration). To face these situations a novel methodology based on the SVD (singular value decomposition) is proposed, which also opens the way to a linear closed loop control of plasma shape during limiter-diverted configuration transitions. The proposed methodologies are applied to ITER scenarios. This paper appears in: Decision and Control, 2006 Publication Date: 13-15 Dec. 2006 On page(s): 2220-2225 Location: ISBN: INSPEC Accession Number: 9419788 Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/CDC.2006.377412 Posted online: 2007-05-07 11:27:07.0

Open Loop Control Strategies for Plasma Scenarios: Linear and Nonlinear Techniques for Configuration Transitions

M. MATTEI;ALBANESE, Raffaele;AMBROSINO, GIUSEPPE;
2006

Abstract

This paper deals with the off-line optimization of poloidal field coil currents and voltages to obtain desired plasma scenarios including ramp up, flat top, and ramp down phases. The open loop control problem is solved via a quadratic optimization technique which requires the solution of a certain number of nonlinear plasma equilibrium problems. An alternative approach is based on the use of linearized models. This approach may fail during shape transitions where the effect of control on shape presents significant variations (e.g. limiter-diverted transition or plasma wobbling across a double null equilibrium configuration). To face these situations a novel methodology based on the SVD (singular value decomposition) is proposed, which also opens the way to a linear closed loop control of plasma shape during limiter-diverted configuration transitions. The proposed methodologies are applied to ITER scenarios. This paper appears in: Decision and Control, 2006 Publication Date: 13-15 Dec. 2006 On page(s): 2220-2225 Location: ISBN: INSPEC Accession Number: 9419788 Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/CDC.2006.377412 Posted online: 2007-05-07 11:27:07.0
1424401712
9781424401710
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/201051
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