he design of modified nucleic acid aptamers is improved by considering thermodynamics and kinetics of their association/dissociation processes. Locked Nucleic Acids (LNA) is a promising class of nucleic acid analogs. In this work the thermodynamic and kinetic properties of a LNA quadruplex formed by the TGGGT sequence, containing only conformationally restricted LNA residues, are reported and compared to those of 2′-OMe-RNA (O-RNA) and DNA quadruplexes. The thermodynamic analysis indicates that the sugar-modified quadruplexes (LNA and O-RNA) are stabilized by entropic effects. The kinetic analysis shows that LNA and O-RNA quadruplexes are characterized by a slower dissociation and a faster association with respect to DNA quadruplex. Interestingly, the LNA quadruplex formation process shows a second-order kinetics with respect to single strand concentration and has a negative activation energy. To explain these data, a mechanism for tetramer formation with two intermediate states was proposed.

Energetic aspects of locked nucleic acids quadruplex association and dissociation.

PETRACCONE, LUIGI;ERRA, EVA;RANDAZZO, ANTONIO;GIANCOLA, CONCETTA
2006

Abstract

he design of modified nucleic acid aptamers is improved by considering thermodynamics and kinetics of their association/dissociation processes. Locked Nucleic Acids (LNA) is a promising class of nucleic acid analogs. In this work the thermodynamic and kinetic properties of a LNA quadruplex formed by the TGGGT sequence, containing only conformationally restricted LNA residues, are reported and compared to those of 2′-OMe-RNA (O-RNA) and DNA quadruplexes. The thermodynamic analysis indicates that the sugar-modified quadruplexes (LNA and O-RNA) are stabilized by entropic effects. The kinetic analysis shows that LNA and O-RNA quadruplexes are characterized by a slower dissociation and a faster association with respect to DNA quadruplex. Interestingly, the LNA quadruplex formation process shows a second-order kinetics with respect to single strand concentration and has a negative activation energy. To explain these data, a mechanism for tetramer formation with two intermediate states was proposed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/201006
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