Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are oligonucleotide mimics in which the sugar-phosphate backbone has been replaced by a pseudo-peptide backbone. Among PNA-based molecules, PNA-DNA conjugates characterized by tracts of DNA bound to N and/or C terminus of PNA are very soluble in aqueous media, are able to recognize exclusively single strands of DNA and RNA in antiparallel fashion, activate RNAse H, bind to transcription factors and are more stable than DNA to nucleases degradation. Very little information is available on chimeras constituted of alternating monomers of PNA and DNA. In this article, we describe a simple fully automated strategy for the synthesis of 6-mer and 10-mer alternate PNA-DNA chimeras consisting of polythymine oligomers, stability assays in fetal calf serum, UVand CD studies of the single strand alternate chimeras and of alternate chimera/DNA and alternate chimera/RNA duplexes. Evidences supporting the formation of duplex hybrids were found. Furthermore, the ability of forming Hoogsteen base pairing with duplex DNA was investigated. Finally, we tested the ability of the PNADNA alternates in (a) interfering with reverse transcription of eukaryotic mRNA and (b) inhibiting DNA-protein interactions.

Alternate PNA-DNA chimeras (PNA-DNA)n: synthesis, binding properties and biological activity

ROMANELLI, ALESSANDRA;PEDONE, CARLO;
2007

Abstract

Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are oligonucleotide mimics in which the sugar-phosphate backbone has been replaced by a pseudo-peptide backbone. Among PNA-based molecules, PNA-DNA conjugates characterized by tracts of DNA bound to N and/or C terminus of PNA are very soluble in aqueous media, are able to recognize exclusively single strands of DNA and RNA in antiparallel fashion, activate RNAse H, bind to transcription factors and are more stable than DNA to nucleases degradation. Very little information is available on chimeras constituted of alternating monomers of PNA and DNA. In this article, we describe a simple fully automated strategy for the synthesis of 6-mer and 10-mer alternate PNA-DNA chimeras consisting of polythymine oligomers, stability assays in fetal calf serum, UVand CD studies of the single strand alternate chimeras and of alternate chimera/DNA and alternate chimera/RNA duplexes. Evidences supporting the formation of duplex hybrids were found. Furthermore, the ability of forming Hoogsteen base pairing with duplex DNA was investigated. Finally, we tested the ability of the PNADNA alternates in (a) interfering with reverse transcription of eukaryotic mRNA and (b) inhibiting DNA-protein interactions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/109964
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