The study was designed to investigate whether exhaled breath condensate, obtained by cooling exhaled air in spontaneous breathing, could be a suitable matrix for toluene quantitative analyses. Nine healthy subjects were exposed for a short period (20 min) to a known concentration of toluene. Exhaled breath condensate samples were collected before and at the end of the exposure, while the environmental concentration of toluene was continuously monitored. Toluene was analysed by head-space gas-chromatography mass spectrometry, and assay repeatability was also estimated in vitro. Baseline and post-exposure measurement of hippuric acid, the urinary toluene metabolite, was performed to assess current toluene exposure. Before the exposure toluene concentrations in the exhaled breath condensate were lower than the detectable limit in all subjects, while after the exposure toluene was detectable with a median value 0.35 µg l-1 (range 0.15-0.55 µg l-1) in all the exhaled breath condensate samples. As compared with the standard calibration in distilled water, the curves obtained by exhaled breath condensate were linear and comparable with the range examined in vivo for toluene. A significant correlation was found between the environmental toluene levels and toluene in the exhaled breath condensate at the end of exposure. Furthermore, a significant relationship between increased exhaled breath condensate toluene levels and urinary hippuric acid after the exposure was found. In conclusion, exhaled breath condensate is a promising matrix for toluene assessment, although its application in humans requires further investigations.

Exhaled breath condensate as matrix for toluene detection: a preliminary study.

MORMILE, MAURO;SANDUZZI ZAMPARELLI, ALESSANDRO;
2006

Abstract

The study was designed to investigate whether exhaled breath condensate, obtained by cooling exhaled air in spontaneous breathing, could be a suitable matrix for toluene quantitative analyses. Nine healthy subjects were exposed for a short period (20 min) to a known concentration of toluene. Exhaled breath condensate samples were collected before and at the end of the exposure, while the environmental concentration of toluene was continuously monitored. Toluene was analysed by head-space gas-chromatography mass spectrometry, and assay repeatability was also estimated in vitro. Baseline and post-exposure measurement of hippuric acid, the urinary toluene metabolite, was performed to assess current toluene exposure. Before the exposure toluene concentrations in the exhaled breath condensate were lower than the detectable limit in all subjects, while after the exposure toluene was detectable with a median value 0.35 µg l-1 (range 0.15-0.55 µg l-1) in all the exhaled breath condensate samples. As compared with the standard calibration in distilled water, the curves obtained by exhaled breath condensate were linear and comparable with the range examined in vivo for toluene. A significant correlation was found between the environmental toluene levels and toluene in the exhaled breath condensate at the end of exposure. Furthermore, a significant relationship between increased exhaled breath condensate toluene levels and urinary hippuric acid after the exposure was found. In conclusion, exhaled breath condensate is a promising matrix for toluene assessment, although its application in humans requires further investigations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/106907
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