Background/Aims: The establishment of HCV replicon systems strongly improved the research on the replication processes but poorly advanced our knowledge on the subcellular localization of the structural glycoproteins, mainly due to their low expression. We sought to verify whether reinforcing E1E2 expression in the context of both HCV genomic and subgenomic replicon from either homologous or heterologous strains leads to formation of supramolecular structures including structural and nonstructural proteins. Methods:Robust expression ofHCV glycoproteins was achieved by stable expression of E1E2p7 from genotype 1a and 1b. Results: In these cells, E1 and E2 triggered the formation of dot-like structures in which they co-localized with core and the nonstructural proteins NS3 and NS5A. Confocal microscopy analyses suggested that accumulation of HCV proteins occurs in an ER-derived subcompartment. Moreover, by labeling de novo-synthesized HCV RNA, we showed that these structures constitute a site of viral RNA synthesis. Conclusions: Expression in trans of HCV glycoproteins in the context of replicative viral genome or subgenome generates accumulation of structural and nonstructural viral proteins in peculiar cytoplasmic structures. The simultaneous presence of viral RNA, structural and nonstructural protein suggests that these complexes represent not only sites of HCV replication but also potential places of viral pre-budding.

Intracellular accumulation of hepatitis C virus proteins in a human hepatoma cell line.

MEROLA, MARCELLO
2007

Abstract

Background/Aims: The establishment of HCV replicon systems strongly improved the research on the replication processes but poorly advanced our knowledge on the subcellular localization of the structural glycoproteins, mainly due to their low expression. We sought to verify whether reinforcing E1E2 expression in the context of both HCV genomic and subgenomic replicon from either homologous or heterologous strains leads to formation of supramolecular structures including structural and nonstructural proteins. Methods:Robust expression ofHCV glycoproteins was achieved by stable expression of E1E2p7 from genotype 1a and 1b. Results: In these cells, E1 and E2 triggered the formation of dot-like structures in which they co-localized with core and the nonstructural proteins NS3 and NS5A. Confocal microscopy analyses suggested that accumulation of HCV proteins occurs in an ER-derived subcompartment. Moreover, by labeling de novo-synthesized HCV RNA, we showed that these structures constitute a site of viral RNA synthesis. Conclusions: Expression in trans of HCV glycoproteins in the context of replicative viral genome or subgenome generates accumulation of structural and nonstructural viral proteins in peculiar cytoplasmic structures. The simultaneous presence of viral RNA, structural and nonstructural protein suggests that these complexes represent not only sites of HCV replication but also potential places of viral pre-budding.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/106838
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