AIM: Video-assisted thoracoscopy surgery (VATS) is classically performed using general anesthesia with a double-lumen endotracheal tube to allow collapse of the operated lung. However, according to our opinion, the risks of general anesthesia with one-lung ventilation could be accepted when major thoracic operation is planned, but it should be avoided or kept at minimum when performing less invasive procedures such as video-assisted talc pleurodesis. In this paper, 2 different protocols are described in order to demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC) for performing VATS talc pleurodesis. METHODS: We studied 65 neoplastic patients ASA III-IV who underwent video-assisted pleurodesis with talc nebulization. They were randomized into 2 homogenous groups: Group 1, received midazolam (0.015-0.030 mg/kg) and sufentanil (0.15-0.20 microg/kg); Group 2, received midazolam (0.15-0.2 mg/kg) and continuous remifentanil infusion 0.5-1 microg/kg/min in the first minute, followed by 0.05 microg/kg/min. Local anesthesia with 0.2% ropivacaine was employed before the thoracoscopic trocar was inserted in both groups. Intraoperative standard monitoring required ECG, heart rate, non-invasive blood pressure, transcutaneous carbon dioxide and oxygen saturation. Consciousness status has been evaluated by Ramsey scale, while pain intensity by VAS scale. RESULTS: No statistically significant fluctuations were observed for mean arterial pressure, heart rate, SpO(2), tCO(2), VAS and Ramsey score. No postoperative complications and hospital mortality occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Both the protocols offer an efficient control of analgosedation with a minimum incidence of intraoperative and postoperative side effects. Anyway, the titration of the drug is very important.

Comparison of two protocols of conscious analgosedation in video-assisted talc pleurodesis.

GRAVINO, ELVIRA;GRIFFO, SALVATORE G.PPE ROMANO;GENTILE, MARIA;GROSSI, NATALIA;
2005

Abstract

AIM: Video-assisted thoracoscopy surgery (VATS) is classically performed using general anesthesia with a double-lumen endotracheal tube to allow collapse of the operated lung. However, according to our opinion, the risks of general anesthesia with one-lung ventilation could be accepted when major thoracic operation is planned, but it should be avoided or kept at minimum when performing less invasive procedures such as video-assisted talc pleurodesis. In this paper, 2 different protocols are described in order to demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC) for performing VATS talc pleurodesis. METHODS: We studied 65 neoplastic patients ASA III-IV who underwent video-assisted pleurodesis with talc nebulization. They were randomized into 2 homogenous groups: Group 1, received midazolam (0.015-0.030 mg/kg) and sufentanil (0.15-0.20 microg/kg); Group 2, received midazolam (0.15-0.2 mg/kg) and continuous remifentanil infusion 0.5-1 microg/kg/min in the first minute, followed by 0.05 microg/kg/min. Local anesthesia with 0.2% ropivacaine was employed before the thoracoscopic trocar was inserted in both groups. Intraoperative standard monitoring required ECG, heart rate, non-invasive blood pressure, transcutaneous carbon dioxide and oxygen saturation. Consciousness status has been evaluated by Ramsey scale, while pain intensity by VAS scale. RESULTS: No statistically significant fluctuations were observed for mean arterial pressure, heart rate, SpO(2), tCO(2), VAS and Ramsey score. No postoperative complications and hospital mortality occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Both the protocols offer an efficient control of analgosedation with a minimum incidence of intraoperative and postoperative side effects. Anyway, the titration of the drug is very important.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
R02Y2005N04A0157.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 72.51 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
72.51 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
analgosedation.txt

non disponibili

Tipologia: Abstract
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 2.2 kB
Formato Text
2.2 kB Text   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/105312
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact