Human milk stimulates intestinal development through the effects of various moieties. Lactoferrin (LF) is a glycoprotein of human milk whose concentration is highest in colostrum decreasing in mature milk. LF promotes enterocyte growth in intestinal cell lines. We tested the hypothesis that LF induces a distinct effect on enterocyte proliferation and differentiation, depending on its concentration. We examined the dose-related effects by human-native LF (N-LF) in Caco-2 (human colon adenocarcinoma) cells. At high concentrations, N-LF stimulated cell proliferation in immature Caco-2 cells, as judged by 3H-thymidine incorporation. In contrast, sucrase and lactase activities were increased at low but not high LF concentrations and their mRNA were also increased, indicating a transcriptional effect. Because iron binds specific LF sites, we compared the potency of N-LF and iron-saturated LF (I-LF) and found the native form more potent. Finally, we tested the effects by bovine LF (bLF) in the same system and found the latter more potent than the human isoform in inducing cell growth and lactase expression. These results suggest that LF directly induces enterocyte growth and proliferation, depending on its concentration, thereby regulating the earlyx postnatal intestinal development. bLF could be added to infant formula as a growth factor in selected intestinal diseases.

Lactoferrin induces concentration-dependent functional modulation of intestinal proliferation and differentation

BUCCIGROSSI, VITTORIA;BRUZZESE, EUGENIA;POLITO, GAETANO;GUARINO, ALFREDO
2007

Abstract

Human milk stimulates intestinal development through the effects of various moieties. Lactoferrin (LF) is a glycoprotein of human milk whose concentration is highest in colostrum decreasing in mature milk. LF promotes enterocyte growth in intestinal cell lines. We tested the hypothesis that LF induces a distinct effect on enterocyte proliferation and differentiation, depending on its concentration. We examined the dose-related effects by human-native LF (N-LF) in Caco-2 (human colon adenocarcinoma) cells. At high concentrations, N-LF stimulated cell proliferation in immature Caco-2 cells, as judged by 3H-thymidine incorporation. In contrast, sucrase and lactase activities were increased at low but not high LF concentrations and their mRNA were also increased, indicating a transcriptional effect. Because iron binds specific LF sites, we compared the potency of N-LF and iron-saturated LF (I-LF) and found the native form more potent. Finally, we tested the effects by bovine LF (bLF) in the same system and found the latter more potent than the human isoform in inducing cell growth and lactase expression. These results suggest that LF directly induces enterocyte growth and proliferation, depending on its concentration, thereby regulating the earlyx postnatal intestinal development. bLF could be added to infant formula as a growth factor in selected intestinal diseases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/105267
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