Aptamer-based drugs represent an attractive approach in pharmacological therapy. The most studied aptamer, thrombin binding aptamer (TBA), folds into a well-defined quadruplex structure and binds to its target with good specificity and affinity. Modified aptamers with improved biophysical properties could constitute a new class of therapeutic aptamers. In this study we show that the modified thrombin binding aptamer (mTBA), (3')GGT(5')-(5')TGGTGTGGTTGG(3'), which also folds into a quadruplex structure, is more stable than its unmodified counterpart and shows a higher thrombin affinity. The stability of the modified aptamer was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry, and the energetics of mTBA and TBA binding to thrombin was characterized by means of isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). ITC data revealed that TBA/thrombin and mTBA/thrombin binding stoichiometry is 1:2 for both interactions. Structural models of the two complexes of thrombin with TBA and with mTBA were also obtained and subjected to molecular dynamics simulations in explicit water. Analysis of the models led to an improvement of the understanding of the aptamer-thrombin recognition at a molecular level.

Stability and binding properties of a modified thrombin binding aptamer

PAGANO, BRUNO;RANDAZZO, ANTONIO;GIANCOLA, CONCETTA
2008

Abstract

Aptamer-based drugs represent an attractive approach in pharmacological therapy. The most studied aptamer, thrombin binding aptamer (TBA), folds into a well-defined quadruplex structure and binds to its target with good specificity and affinity. Modified aptamers with improved biophysical properties could constitute a new class of therapeutic aptamers. In this study we show that the modified thrombin binding aptamer (mTBA), (3')GGT(5')-(5')TGGTGTGGTTGG(3'), which also folds into a quadruplex structure, is more stable than its unmodified counterpart and shows a higher thrombin affinity. The stability of the modified aptamer was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry, and the energetics of mTBA and TBA binding to thrombin was characterized by means of isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). ITC data revealed that TBA/thrombin and mTBA/thrombin binding stoichiometry is 1:2 for both interactions. Structural models of the two complexes of thrombin with TBA and with mTBA were also obtained and subjected to molecular dynamics simulations in explicit water. Analysis of the models led to an improvement of the understanding of the aptamer-thrombin recognition at a molecular level.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Biophys.J_2008.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 406.46 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
406.46 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/105026
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 37
  • Scopus 123
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 124
social impact