A hydraulic jump is characterized by some strong turbulence and air entrainment in the roller. New measurements were performed in two channels in which similar experiments with identical inflow Froude numbers and relative channel widths were conducted with a geometric scaling ratio of 2:1. Void fraction distributions showed the presence of an advection/diffusion shear layer in which the data followed an analytical solution of the diffusion equation for air bubbles. The data indicated some scale effects in the small channel in terms of void fraction and bubble count rate. Void fraction distributions implied comparatively greater detrainment at low Reynolds numbers yielding to lesser overall aeration of the jump roller. Dimensionless bubble count rates were significantly lower in the smaller channel especially in the mixing layer. The study is believed to be the first systematic investigation of scale effects affecting air entrainment in hydraulic jumps using an accurate air–water measurement technique.

Similitude and scale effects of air entrainment in hydraulic jumps

GUALTIERI, CARLO;
2008

Abstract

A hydraulic jump is characterized by some strong turbulence and air entrainment in the roller. New measurements were performed in two channels in which similar experiments with identical inflow Froude numbers and relative channel widths were conducted with a geometric scaling ratio of 2:1. Void fraction distributions showed the presence of an advection/diffusion shear layer in which the data followed an analytical solution of the diffusion equation for air bubbles. The data indicated some scale effects in the small channel in terms of void fraction and bubble count rate. Void fraction distributions implied comparatively greater detrainment at low Reynolds numbers yielding to lesser overall aeration of the jump roller. Dimensionless bubble count rates were significantly lower in the smaller channel especially in the mixing layer. The study is believed to be the first systematic investigation of scale effects affecting air entrainment in hydraulic jumps using an accurate air–water measurement technique.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/104971
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