DEP-1/HPTPeta, a receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase, is a candidate tumor suppressor gene because its expression was blocked in rat and human thyroid transformed cells, and its restoration reverted their neoplastic phenotype. In addition, loss of DEP-1/HPTPeta heterozygosity has been described in mammary, lung and colon primary tumors. We now show that DEP-1/HPTPeta is drastically reduced in several cell lines originating from human epithelial pancreatic carcinomas compared with normal pancreatic tissue. We also show that the infection of AsPC1 and PSN1 cells with a recombinant adenovirus carrying r-PTPeta cDNA (the rat homolog of DEP-1/HPTPeta) inhibits their proliferation. Flow cytometric analysis of the infected cells demonstrated that restoration of r-PTPeta activity disrupts their cell cycle and leads to apoptosis. Finally, the growth of PSN1 xenograft tumors was blocked by the intratumoral injection of a recombinant adeno-associated virus carrying r-PTPeta. The data suggest that restoration of DEP-1/HPTPeta expression could be a useful tool for the gene therapy of human pancreatic cancers.

Restoration of receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase eta function inhibits human pancreatic carcinoma cell growth in vitro and in vivo.

FUSCO, ALFREDO
2004

Abstract

DEP-1/HPTPeta, a receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase, is a candidate tumor suppressor gene because its expression was blocked in rat and human thyroid transformed cells, and its restoration reverted their neoplastic phenotype. In addition, loss of DEP-1/HPTPeta heterozygosity has been described in mammary, lung and colon primary tumors. We now show that DEP-1/HPTPeta is drastically reduced in several cell lines originating from human epithelial pancreatic carcinomas compared with normal pancreatic tissue. We also show that the infection of AsPC1 and PSN1 cells with a recombinant adenovirus carrying r-PTPeta cDNA (the rat homolog of DEP-1/HPTPeta) inhibits their proliferation. Flow cytometric analysis of the infected cells demonstrated that restoration of r-PTPeta activity disrupts their cell cycle and leads to apoptosis. Finally, the growth of PSN1 xenograft tumors was blocked by the intratumoral injection of a recombinant adeno-associated virus carrying r-PTPeta. The data suggest that restoration of DEP-1/HPTPeta expression could be a useful tool for the gene therapy of human pancreatic cancers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/104696
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