Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) are involved in the pathogenesis of leiomyomas and influence angiogenesis, which is necessary for growth of leiomyomas. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRH-a) treatment might modify the growth factor expression and the blood supply in myomas. We investigated the effects of GnRH-a treatment on some clinical parameters, on the immunohistochemical expression of bFGF, VEGF, and PDGF, and on the vasculature of leiomyomas. METHODS: Thirty-one women were treated with leuprolide acetate for 3 months; 55 untreated patients formed the control group. Hematologic parameters were assessed at the admission, after GnRH-a treatment, and after surgery. Uterine volume was evaluated by ultrasonography. The immunoexpression of bFGF, VEGF, and PDGF and of the endothelial markers CD34 and CD105, as well as the vascular pattern, were studied in leiomyomas, comparing treated and untreated patients. RESULTS: Hematologic parameters improved and uterine volumes decreased after GnRH-a treatment. The immunoexpression of bFGF, VEGF, and PDGF decreased in treated myomas, together with the total number of vessels and the angiogenetic vessels. CONCLUSION: This study confirms the clinical response of uterine shrinkage after GnRH-a treatment. A pathogenetic role of bFGF, VEGF, and PDGF in myoma growth and vascularization is suggested. Finally, this study indirectly confirms the importance of the vasculature in leiomyoma growth.

Clinical response, vascular change and angiogenesis in Gn-RH-agonist treated women with uterine myomas

DI LIETO, ANDREA;DE FALCO, MARIANNA;DE ROSA, GAETANO;STAIBANO, STEFANIA
2005

Abstract

Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) are involved in the pathogenesis of leiomyomas and influence angiogenesis, which is necessary for growth of leiomyomas. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRH-a) treatment might modify the growth factor expression and the blood supply in myomas. We investigated the effects of GnRH-a treatment on some clinical parameters, on the immunohistochemical expression of bFGF, VEGF, and PDGF, and on the vasculature of leiomyomas. METHODS: Thirty-one women were treated with leuprolide acetate for 3 months; 55 untreated patients formed the control group. Hematologic parameters were assessed at the admission, after GnRH-a treatment, and after surgery. Uterine volume was evaluated by ultrasonography. The immunoexpression of bFGF, VEGF, and PDGF and of the endothelial markers CD34 and CD105, as well as the vascular pattern, were studied in leiomyomas, comparing treated and untreated patients. RESULTS: Hematologic parameters improved and uterine volumes decreased after GnRH-a treatment. The immunoexpression of bFGF, VEGF, and PDGF decreased in treated myomas, together with the total number of vessels and the angiogenetic vessels. CONCLUSION: This study confirms the clinical response of uterine shrinkage after GnRH-a treatment. A pathogenetic role of bFGF, VEGF, and PDGF in myoma growth and vascularization is suggested. Finally, this study indirectly confirms the importance of the vasculature in leiomyoma growth.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/103161
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