Notch signaling is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism used by invertebrates and vertebrates to control cell fates through close-range cell interactions. Four Notch receptors have been identified in vertebrates and different ligands, divided into Delta-like and Serrate-like (Jagged). Several studies have demonstrated that Notch signaling is involved in different branches of the cell fate decision tree: differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. These three processes are finely regulated in human placenta in order to allow a successful pregnancy and a correct fetal growth. Moreover, Notch and its ligands participate in the vascular remodelling and stabilization, other two processes much important and ticklish in human placenta. So, we decided to investigate the pattern of expression of Notch-1, Notch-4 and Jagged-1, together with two members related to Notch pathway and involved in angiogenesis: VEGF and p21, in human placenta during gestation by immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry. We showed a modulation of Notch proteins throughout the pregnancy; in particular we showed a slight decrease of Notch-1 throughout pregnancy, with a decreased cytoplasmic staining from the first to the third trimester of gestation in cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast. In contrast Jagged-1 showed an increase throughout pregnancy especially in syncytiotrophoblast and stroma during the third trimester of gestation. In addition, we found by immunoblotting an increase of VEGF expression from the first to the third trimester and an intense VEGF expression inside endothelial cells throughout the gestation as also confirmed by immunohistochemistry. We also showed a decrease of p21 expression during the pregnancy both through immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry assays. Moreover, we observed Notch localization in extravillous trophoblast cells that are able to invade the decidualized endometrium. Our results suggest an involvement of Notch signaling in regulation of placental cell fate decision and in angiogenesis that are dramatically important to maintain a normal physiology of this organ during pregnancy.

Expression and distribution of Notch protein members in human placenta throughout pregnancy.

DE FALCO, MARIA;
2007

Abstract

Notch signaling is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism used by invertebrates and vertebrates to control cell fates through close-range cell interactions. Four Notch receptors have been identified in vertebrates and different ligands, divided into Delta-like and Serrate-like (Jagged). Several studies have demonstrated that Notch signaling is involved in different branches of the cell fate decision tree: differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. These three processes are finely regulated in human placenta in order to allow a successful pregnancy and a correct fetal growth. Moreover, Notch and its ligands participate in the vascular remodelling and stabilization, other two processes much important and ticklish in human placenta. So, we decided to investigate the pattern of expression of Notch-1, Notch-4 and Jagged-1, together with two members related to Notch pathway and involved in angiogenesis: VEGF and p21, in human placenta during gestation by immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry. We showed a modulation of Notch proteins throughout the pregnancy; in particular we showed a slight decrease of Notch-1 throughout pregnancy, with a decreased cytoplasmic staining from the first to the third trimester of gestation in cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast. In contrast Jagged-1 showed an increase throughout pregnancy especially in syncytiotrophoblast and stroma during the third trimester of gestation. In addition, we found by immunoblotting an increase of VEGF expression from the first to the third trimester and an intense VEGF expression inside endothelial cells throughout the gestation as also confirmed by immunohistochemistry. We also showed a decrease of p21 expression during the pregnancy both through immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry assays. Moreover, we observed Notch localization in extravillous trophoblast cells that are able to invade the decidualized endometrium. Our results suggest an involvement of Notch signaling in regulation of placental cell fate decision and in angiogenesis that are dramatically important to maintain a normal physiology of this organ during pregnancy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/102752
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