We investigated here the potential role of Toll-like receptors (TLR) and the adaptor protein MyD88 in innate immunity responses to Cryptococcus neoformans, a pathogenic encapsulated yeast. Peritoneal macrophages from MyD88(-/-) or TLR2(-/-) mice released significantly less TNF-alpha, compared with wild-type controls, after in vitro stimulation with whole yeasts. In contrast, no differences in TNF-alpha release were noted between macrophages from C3H/HeJ mice, which have a loss of function mutation in TLR4, relative to C3H/HeN controls. When MyD88- or TLR2-deficient mice were infected with low doses of the H99 serotype A strain, all of the control animals, but none of MyD88(-/-) and only 38% of the TLR2(-/-) animals survived, in association with higher fungal burden in the mutant mice. Both MyD88(-/-) and TLR2(-/-) animals showed decreased TNF-alpha, IL-12p40 and/or IFN-gamma expression in various organs during infection. No difference in susceptibility to experimental cryptococcosis was found between C3H/HeJ mice and C3H/HeN controls. In conclusion, our data indicate that TLR2 and MyD88, but not TLR4, critically contribute to anti-cryptococcal defenses through the induction of increased TNF-alpha, IL-12 and IFN-gamma expression.

MyD88 and TLR2, but not TLR4, are required for host defense against Cryptococcus neoformans / Biondo, C; Midiri, A; Messina, L; Tomasello, F; Garufi, G; Catania, MARIA ROSARIA; Bombaci, M; Beninati, C; Teti, G; Mancuso, G.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2980. - STAMPA. - 35:3(2005), pp. 870-878. [10.1002/eji.200425799]

MyD88 and TLR2, but not TLR4, are required for host defense against Cryptococcus neoformans.

CATANIA, MARIA ROSARIA;
2005

Abstract

We investigated here the potential role of Toll-like receptors (TLR) and the adaptor protein MyD88 in innate immunity responses to Cryptococcus neoformans, a pathogenic encapsulated yeast. Peritoneal macrophages from MyD88(-/-) or TLR2(-/-) mice released significantly less TNF-alpha, compared with wild-type controls, after in vitro stimulation with whole yeasts. In contrast, no differences in TNF-alpha release were noted between macrophages from C3H/HeJ mice, which have a loss of function mutation in TLR4, relative to C3H/HeN controls. When MyD88- or TLR2-deficient mice were infected with low doses of the H99 serotype A strain, all of the control animals, but none of MyD88(-/-) and only 38% of the TLR2(-/-) animals survived, in association with higher fungal burden in the mutant mice. Both MyD88(-/-) and TLR2(-/-) animals showed decreased TNF-alpha, IL-12p40 and/or IFN-gamma expression in various organs during infection. No difference in susceptibility to experimental cryptococcosis was found between C3H/HeJ mice and C3H/HeN controls. In conclusion, our data indicate that TLR2 and MyD88, but not TLR4, critically contribute to anti-cryptococcal defenses through the induction of increased TNF-alpha, IL-12 and IFN-gamma expression.
2005
MyD88 and TLR2, but not TLR4, are required for host defense against Cryptococcus neoformans / Biondo, C; Midiri, A; Messina, L; Tomasello, F; Garufi, G; Catania, MARIA ROSARIA; Bombaci, M; Beninati, C; Teti, G; Mancuso, G.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2980. - STAMPA. - 35:3(2005), pp. 870-878. [10.1002/eji.200425799]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/102367
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