The desorption mechanism for oxygenated functionalities on soot is investigated by quantum mechanical calculations on functionalized polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon PAH models and compared with recently published temperature programed desorption-mass spectrometry results. Substituents on PAHs of increasing size up to 46 carbon atoms in the parent PAH are chosen to reproduce the local features of an oxidized graphenic soot platelet. Initially, the study is carried out on unimolecular fragmentation extrusion, in some cases processes producing HO, CO, or CO2, in model ketones, carboxylic acids, lactones, anhydrides, in one aldehyde, one peroxyacid, one hydroperoxide, one secondary alcohol, and one phenol. Then, a bimolecular process is considered for one of the carboxylic acids. Furthermore, some cooperative effect which can take place by involving two vicinal carboxylic groups derived from anhydride hydrolysis is investigated for other four bifunctionalized models. The comparison between the computed fragmentation desorption barriers for the assessed mechanisms and the temperature at which maxima occur in TPD spectra for HO, CO, or CO2 desorption offers a suggestion for the assignment of these maxima to specific functional groups, i.e., a key to the description of the oxidized surface. Notably, the computations suggest that 1 the desorption mode from a portion of a graphenic platelet functionalized by a carboxylic or lactone groups is significantly dependent from the chemical and geometric local environment. Consequently, we propose that 2 not all carboxylic groups go lost at the relatively low temperatures generally stated, and 3 lactone groups can be identified as producing not only CO2 but also CO. © 2006 American Institute of Physics.

The oxidized soot surface: Theoretical study of desorption mechanisms involving oxygenated functionalities and comparison with temperature programed desorption experiments

CAUSA', Mauro;
2006

Abstract

The desorption mechanism for oxygenated functionalities on soot is investigated by quantum mechanical calculations on functionalized polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon PAH models and compared with recently published temperature programed desorption-mass spectrometry results. Substituents on PAHs of increasing size up to 46 carbon atoms in the parent PAH are chosen to reproduce the local features of an oxidized graphenic soot platelet. Initially, the study is carried out on unimolecular fragmentation extrusion, in some cases processes producing HO, CO, or CO2, in model ketones, carboxylic acids, lactones, anhydrides, in one aldehyde, one peroxyacid, one hydroperoxide, one secondary alcohol, and one phenol. Then, a bimolecular process is considered for one of the carboxylic acids. Furthermore, some cooperative effect which can take place by involving two vicinal carboxylic groups derived from anhydride hydrolysis is investigated for other four bifunctionalized models. The comparison between the computed fragmentation desorption barriers for the assessed mechanisms and the temperature at which maxima occur in TPD spectra for HO, CO, or CO2 desorption offers a suggestion for the assignment of these maxima to specific functional groups, i.e., a key to the description of the oxidized surface. Notably, the computations suggest that 1 the desorption mode from a portion of a graphenic platelet functionalized by a carboxylic or lactone groups is significantly dependent from the chemical and geometric local environment. Consequently, we propose that 2 not all carboxylic groups go lost at the relatively low temperatures generally stated, and 3 lactone groups can be identified as producing not only CO2 but also CO. © 2006 American Institute of Physics.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/102147
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