Owing to the fact that the near future should see a rapidly expanding set of probes of the halo masses of individual early-type galaxies, we introduce a convenient parameter for characterizing the halo masses from both observational and theoretical results: del(l)Y the logarithmic radial gradient of the mass-to-light ratio. Using halo density profiles from Delta-cold dark matter (CDM) simulations, we derive predictions for this gradient for various galaxy luminosities and star formation efficiencies SF. As a pilot study, we assemble the available del(l)Y data from kinematics in early-type galaxies - representing the first unbiased study of halo masses in a wide range of early-type galaxy luminosities - and find a correlation between luminosity and del(l)Y, such that the brightest galaxies appear the most dark-matter dominated. We find that the gradients in most of the brightest galaxies may fit in well with the CDM predictions, but that there is also a population of fainter galaxies whose gradients are so low as to imply an unreasonably high star formation efficiency epsilon(SF) > 1. This difficulty is eased if dark haloes are not assumed to have the standard CDM profiles, but lower central concentrations.

Mass-to-light ratio gradients in early-type galaxy haloes

CAPACCIOLI, MASSIMO;
2005

Abstract

Owing to the fact that the near future should see a rapidly expanding set of probes of the halo masses of individual early-type galaxies, we introduce a convenient parameter for characterizing the halo masses from both observational and theoretical results: del(l)Y the logarithmic radial gradient of the mass-to-light ratio. Using halo density profiles from Delta-cold dark matter (CDM) simulations, we derive predictions for this gradient for various galaxy luminosities and star formation efficiencies SF. As a pilot study, we assemble the available del(l)Y data from kinematics in early-type galaxies - representing the first unbiased study of halo masses in a wide range of early-type galaxy luminosities - and find a correlation between luminosity and del(l)Y, such that the brightest galaxies appear the most dark-matter dominated. We find that the gradients in most of the brightest galaxies may fit in well with the CDM predictions, but that there is also a population of fainter galaxies whose gradients are so low as to imply an unreasonably high star formation efficiency epsilon(SF) > 1. This difficulty is eased if dark haloes are not assumed to have the standard CDM profiles, but lower central concentrations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/101470
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