Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1), a dsDNA animal virus, is an economically important pathogen of cattle and the aetiological agent of many types of disease. The efficient replication of a DNA virus is strictly dependent on iron since this metal plays a crucial role in the catalytic center of viral ribonucleotide reductase. Consequently, iron metabolism is an important area for virus/host interaction and a large body of evidence suggests that viral infection is potentially influenced by the iron status of the host. The aim of the present study was to address the effects of BHV-1 on iron metabolism in Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells at different times of post-infection. For this purpose, cell viability, iron regulatory proteins (IRPs) activity and levels, transferrin receptor 1 (TfR-1), ferritin expression and LIP were evaluated. Our data demonstrate that a productive BHV-1 infection in MDBK cells determines an overall decrease of IRPs RNA-binding activity without affecting their expression. As consequence of this modulation, an increased ferritin mRNA translation and a decreased TfR-1 mRNA translation were also observed. Moreover, the LIP level was decreased following viral infection. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that by reducing the iron up-take and by enhancing the sequestration of free iron, animal cells will limit the iron availability for virus proliferation. Therefore, the results presented herein support the view that iron metabolism could be critical for the interaction between DNA viruses, such as BHV-1, and mammalian cells. Delineation of the interplay among pathogen and host may provide new antimicrobial agents.

Expression of iron-related proteins during infection by Bovine Herpes Virus type-1

MAFFETTONE, CARMEN;DE MARTINO, LUISA;IRACE, CARLO;SANTAMARIA, RITA;PAGNINI, UGO;IOVANE, GIUSEPPE;COLONNA, ALFREDO
2008

Abstract

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1), a dsDNA animal virus, is an economically important pathogen of cattle and the aetiological agent of many types of disease. The efficient replication of a DNA virus is strictly dependent on iron since this metal plays a crucial role in the catalytic center of viral ribonucleotide reductase. Consequently, iron metabolism is an important area for virus/host interaction and a large body of evidence suggests that viral infection is potentially influenced by the iron status of the host. The aim of the present study was to address the effects of BHV-1 on iron metabolism in Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells at different times of post-infection. For this purpose, cell viability, iron regulatory proteins (IRPs) activity and levels, transferrin receptor 1 (TfR-1), ferritin expression and LIP were evaluated. Our data demonstrate that a productive BHV-1 infection in MDBK cells determines an overall decrease of IRPs RNA-binding activity without affecting their expression. As consequence of this modulation, an increased ferritin mRNA translation and a decreased TfR-1 mRNA translation were also observed. Moreover, the LIP level was decreased following viral infection. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that by reducing the iron up-take and by enhancing the sequestration of free iron, animal cells will limit the iron availability for virus proliferation. Therefore, the results presented herein support the view that iron metabolism could be critical for the interaction between DNA viruses, such as BHV-1, and mammalian cells. Delineation of the interplay among pathogen and host may provide new antimicrobial agents.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
101182.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 267.47 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
267.47 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/101182
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 20
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact