The retinoblastoma family consists of the tumor suppressor nuclear phosphoprotein pRb/p105 and related proteins p107 andpRb2/p130.Recent immunohistochemical studies of the retinoblastoma family of proteins in lunga nd endometrial cancer and choroidal melanomas show a tight inverse correlation between the histologic grading in the most aggressive tumor types and pRb2/p130 expression. This led us to investigate the role of pRb2/p130 in salivary tumors.We studied the expression of pRb2/p130, p107, E2F4, p27, and PcNA by immunohistochemistry in a panel of 44 salivary gland tumors.We found a direct correlation between the cytoplasmic expression of pRb2/p130 and tumor grading and the presence ofmetastasis that was highly statistically significant (P < 0.001). Additionally, increased cytoplasmic pRb2/p130 expression was significantly correlated with a decreased probability of survival (P < 0.001). Interestingly, p107 nuclear expression showed a strongd irect correlation when compared with the same variables. pRb2/ p130 showed the highest percentage of undetectable nuclear levels in the specimens examined and the tightest inverse correlation (P < 0.0001) with both the histologic grading and pCNA expression in malignant salivary tumors. Additionally, E2F4 showed an identical localization pattern as to that of pRb2/p130. These data suggests an important role for pRb2/ p130 in the pathogenesis and progression of certain salivary gland cancers.

Expression of Cell Cycle - Regulated Proteins pRB2/p130, p107, E2F4, p27, and pCNA in salivary gland tumors: prognostic and diagnostic implications.

CALIFANO, LUIGI
2005

Abstract

The retinoblastoma family consists of the tumor suppressor nuclear phosphoprotein pRb/p105 and related proteins p107 andpRb2/p130.Recent immunohistochemical studies of the retinoblastoma family of proteins in lunga nd endometrial cancer and choroidal melanomas show a tight inverse correlation between the histologic grading in the most aggressive tumor types and pRb2/p130 expression. This led us to investigate the role of pRb2/p130 in salivary tumors.We studied the expression of pRb2/p130, p107, E2F4, p27, and PcNA by immunohistochemistry in a panel of 44 salivary gland tumors.We found a direct correlation between the cytoplasmic expression of pRb2/p130 and tumor grading and the presence ofmetastasis that was highly statistically significant (P < 0.001). Additionally, increased cytoplasmic pRb2/p130 expression was significantly correlated with a decreased probability of survival (P < 0.001). Interestingly, p107 nuclear expression showed a strongd irect correlation when compared with the same variables. pRb2/ p130 showed the highest percentage of undetectable nuclear levels in the specimens examined and the tightest inverse correlation (P < 0.0001) with both the histologic grading and pCNA expression in malignant salivary tumors. Additionally, E2F4 showed an identical localization pattern as to that of pRb2/p130. These data suggests an important role for pRb2/ p130 in the pathogenesis and progression of certain salivary gland cancers.
CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/101096
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