The aim of this paper is to show the connections among uncertainty, information and human knowledge to develop methodologies able to support actions for measure and control of complex processes, and to propose new model to represent human hazard rate. The interest to human reliability analyses (HRA) arose for nuclear applications, observing that 50-70 per cent of reported failures on operating systems were human-induced. Since the middle of 1980, methods and tools of HRA have been transferred former to military weapons systems, latter to aviation designs and operations. At present, HRA, which consider human performance and human reliability knowledge, must be an integral element of complex system design and development. In this paper, system reliability function is carried out as a function of technological, information and human components, evidencing how human element affects the whole system reliability. On the basis of consideration that human errors are often the most unexpected and then the least protected, and subject to many random factors, an analytical model is proposed, based on a conditional Weibull hazard rate with a random scale parameter, for whose characterization the log-normal, gamma and the inverse Gaussian distributions are considered. The aim of this model is to take into account random variability of human performances by introducing a random hazard rate.

Human Reliability Analyses by Random Hazard Rate Approach

CHIODO, ELIO;PAGANO, MARIO
2004

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to show the connections among uncertainty, information and human knowledge to develop methodologies able to support actions for measure and control of complex processes, and to propose new model to represent human hazard rate. The interest to human reliability analyses (HRA) arose for nuclear applications, observing that 50-70 per cent of reported failures on operating systems were human-induced. Since the middle of 1980, methods and tools of HRA have been transferred former to military weapons systems, latter to aviation designs and operations. At present, HRA, which consider human performance and human reliability knowledge, must be an integral element of complex system design and development. In this paper, system reliability function is carried out as a function of technological, information and human components, evidencing how human element affects the whole system reliability. On the basis of consideration that human errors are often the most unexpected and then the least protected, and subject to many random factors, an analytical model is proposed, based on a conditional Weibull hazard rate with a random scale parameter, for whose characterization the log-normal, gamma and the inverse Gaussian distributions are considered. The aim of this model is to take into account random variability of human performances by introducing a random hazard rate.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/100987
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