A breeding scheme based on the production of progenies with odd ploidy was followed to introduce useful genes from the wild Solanum commersonii (cmm) into S. tuberosum (tbr) genome. Hybrids from 5x x 4x crosses were characterized for traits of interest, and selection was assisted by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis. As expected, most of the hybrids were aneuploids, with a trend towards a low degree of aneuploidy. Despite the fact that aneuploidy has often been associated with a reduction in male and female fertility, most of the hybrids were fertile following crosses with tbr, making it possible to produce viable offspring. A screening for resistance traits deriving from cmm was also carried out. With respect to freezing resistance, the killing temperatures of cold-acclimated genotypes were distributed between the wild and cultivated parental values, with some hybrids displaying an acclimation capacity higher than 3 degreesC. A wide variability was also found for tuber soft rot resistance, and hybrids with high levels of resistance were identified. Selection of hybrids was based on a two-stage scheme that consisted of conventional phenotypic selection followed by an estimation of the wild genome content still present in order to identify hybrids combining noteworthy traits with a low wild genome content. Previously selected cmm-specific AFLPs were used to monitor the degree of wild genome content still present in each hybrid. The percentage of cmm-specific markers ranged from 59% to 91%, with an average value of 75%. AFLP analysis was employed to assist in the selection of valuable hybrids for further breeding efforts.

Selection for aneuploid potato hybrids combining low wild genome content and resistance traits from Solanum commersonii

IOVENE, MARINA;BARONE, AMALIA;FRUSCIANTE, LUIGI;MONTI, LUIGI;CARPUTO, DOMENICO
2004

Abstract

A breeding scheme based on the production of progenies with odd ploidy was followed to introduce useful genes from the wild Solanum commersonii (cmm) into S. tuberosum (tbr) genome. Hybrids from 5x x 4x crosses were characterized for traits of interest, and selection was assisted by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis. As expected, most of the hybrids were aneuploids, with a trend towards a low degree of aneuploidy. Despite the fact that aneuploidy has often been associated with a reduction in male and female fertility, most of the hybrids were fertile following crosses with tbr, making it possible to produce viable offspring. A screening for resistance traits deriving from cmm was also carried out. With respect to freezing resistance, the killing temperatures of cold-acclimated genotypes were distributed between the wild and cultivated parental values, with some hybrids displaying an acclimation capacity higher than 3 degreesC. A wide variability was also found for tuber soft rot resistance, and hybrids with high levels of resistance were identified. Selection of hybrids was based on a two-stage scheme that consisted of conventional phenotypic selection followed by an estimation of the wild genome content still present in order to identify hybrids combining noteworthy traits with a low wild genome content. Previously selected cmm-specific AFLPs were used to monitor the degree of wild genome content still present in each hybrid. The percentage of cmm-specific markers ranged from 59% to 91%, with an average value of 75%. AFLP analysis was employed to assist in the selection of valuable hybrids for further breeding efforts.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/100454
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